What Is Assignment of Mortgage: What You Need to Know

assignment of MortgagePurchasing and selling homes involves a number of legal and financial complexities, making the real estate industry a complex one. The assignment of mortgage, a concept that not everyone may be aware of, is one of these difficulties.

We will explore the idea of mortgage assignment in this thorough guide, going over its definition, steps involved, potential consequences, and more. So read on to learn more about this important facet of the real estate market, whether you’re a homeowner, a prospective buyer, or just inquisitive about mortgages.

What is Assignment of Mortgage?

The assignment of mortgage, often simply referred to as mortgage assignment, is a legal process that involves the transfer of a mortgage loan from one party to another. This transfer typically occurs between mortgage lenders or financial institutions and is a common practice within the mortgage industry.

The Key Parties Involved

  1. Assignor: The person transferring the mortgage is known as the assignor. The initial lender or financial organization that gave the borrower the mortgage loan is often the assignor.
  2. Assignee: The assignee is the party receiving the mortgage assignment. This could be another lender or financial institution that is buying the mortgage, often as part of a financial transaction.
  3. Borrower: The borrower is the individual or entity that initially took out the mortgage loan to finance the purchase of a property.

Why is Assignment of Mortgage Necessary?

Assignment of mortgage occurs for various reasons, and it serves specific purposes for all parties involved.

1. Loan Portfolio Management

Mortgage assignment is a common practice used by lenders to better manage their loan portfolios. Lenders might raise funds to offer more loans or issue new mortgages by selling or transferring mortgage loans to other financial organizations. This procedure aids in keeping their portfolios risk-balanced and liquid.

2. Risk Mitigation

Lenders may also assign mortgages to mitigate risk. When they transfer a mortgage to another entity, they are essentially transferring the associated risk as well. This can be a strategic move to reduce their exposure to potential defaults or financial instability.

3. Secondary Mortgage Market

The secondary mortgage market plays a significant role in the assignment of mortgages. Many mortgages are bundled together into mortgage-backed securities (MBS) and sold to investors. Assignment of mortgages allows lenders to participate in this market, which provides additional funding for new mortgage loans.

The Assignment of Mortgage Process

The process of assigning a mortgage, or deciding to sell your mortgage, involves several steps and legal requirements. Here’s a breakdown of the typical process:

1. Agreement between Parties

The assignor (original lender) and assignee (new lender or investor) must enter into a formal agreement outlining the terms and conditions of the new mortgage assignment. This agreement includes details such as the transfer price, terms of the loan, and any specific warranties or representations.

2. Notice to the Borrower

Once the agreement is in place, the borrower is typically notified of the assignment. This notice informs them that the servicing of their mortgage, including collecting monthly mortgage payments, will now be handled by the assignee. The borrower is advised to send future payments to the assignee.

3. Recordation

In many jurisdictions, mortgage assignments must be recorded with the appropriate government office, such as the county recorder’s office. This recordation provides public notice of the transfer and ensures that the assignee has a legal claim on the property.

4. Continuation of Monthly Mortgage Payments

For the borrower, the most noticeable change is the address where monthly payments are sent. Instead of sending payment to the original lender, the borrower will send them to the assignee. It is crucial for borrowers to keep records of these changes to avoid any confusion or missed payments.

Implications of Mortgage Assignment for Borrowers

While the assignment of mortgage primarily involves lenders and investors, it can have implications for borrowers as well. Here are some important considerations for borrowers:

1. No Change in Loan Terms

Borrowers should be aware that the assignment of mortgage does not change the terms of their loan. The interest rate, monthly payments, and other loan terms remain the same. The only change is the entity to which payments are made.

2. Proper Record-Keeping

Borrowers must maintain accurate records of their mortgage payments and correspondence related to the assignment. This helps ensure that payments are correctly credited and can be vital in case of any disputes or issues.

3. Communication with the New Lender

If borrowers have questions or concerns about their mortgage after the assignment, they should reach out to the new lender or servicer. Open and clear communication can help address any issues that may arise during the transition.

4. Property Taxes and Insurance

Borrowers are still responsible for property taxes and homeowner’s insurance, even after the assignment of mortgage. These payments are typically not affected by the transfer of the loan.

The Role of Mortgage Servicers

Mortgage servicers play a crucial role in the assignment of mortgage process. This section will explore the responsibilities of mortgage servicers, their relationship with borrowers, and how they manage mortgage loans on behalf of investors or lenders.

Legal Requirements and Regulations

Assignment is subject to various legal mortgage requirements and regulations that vary by jurisdiction. Discussing these legal aspects will help readers understand the legal framework governing the assignment of mortgages in their region and how it impacts the process.

Impact on Credit and Credit Reporting

The assignment of mortgage can have implications for borrowers’ credit reports and scores. Explore how mortgage assignment can affect credit histories, reporting by credit bureaus, and what borrowers can do to protect their credit during and after the assignment.

Assignment of Mortgage vs. Assumption of Mortgage

Differentiating between assignment of mortgage and assumption of mortgage is important. This section will explain the key differences, where one party takes over the mortgage and liability, while the other party merely transfers the loan to a new lender.

Impact on Property Taxes and Insurance

Taxes and insurance are essential components of homeownership. Explain how the assignment of mortgage may affect property tax payments and the homeowner’s insurance policy, as these are often escrowed into the monthly mortgage payment.

Potential Challenges and Disputes

Discuss common challenges or disputes that can arise during or after the assignment of mortgage, such as miscommunication, incorrect payment processing, or disputes over ownership rights. Offer advice on how to handle and resolve these issues.

Foreclosure and Default Scenarios

In the unfortunate event of mortgage default, understanding how the assignment of mortgage affects foreclosure proceedings is crucial. Explain how the assignee handles foreclosures and what options are available to borrowers facing financial difficulties.

Future Trends and Innovations

Explore emerging trends and innovations in the mortgage industry related to the assignment of mortgages. This could include the use of blockchain technology, digital mortgages, or other advancements that may impact the process.


In the complex world of real estate and mortgage financing, the assignment of mortgage plays a pivotal role in the movement of funds and management of risk. It allows lenders to efficiently manage their portfolios, mitigate risk, and participate in the secondary mortgage market. For borrowers, understanding the process and implications of mortgage assignment is essential to ensure the smooth continuation of their monthly mortgage payments.

As you navigate the world of homeownership or consider entering it, remember that the assignment of mortgage is a routine occurrence designed to benefit all parties involved. By staying informed and maintaining open communication with your lender or servicer, you can ensure that your mortgage loan remains a manageable and secure financial commitment.

In summary, purchase of mortgage is a vital mechanism within the mortgage industry that facilitates the transfer of mortgage loans from one party to another. This process helps lenders manage their portfolios, mitigate risk, and participate in the secondary mortgage market.

For borrowers, it means a change in the entity collecting their monthly mortgage payments but typically does not alter the terms of the original loan. Keeping accurate records and staying informed about the transition are crucial steps to ensure a smooth experience for homeowners. So, whether you’re a homeowner, lender, or investor, understanding assignment of mortgage is key to navigating the real estate landscape effectively.

This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal, tax, or accounting advice.


Written by Alan Noblitt

Alan Noblitt is the President of Seascape Capital, LLC, and works as both a real estate note buyer and a business note broker. Alan has an MBA from Arizona State University, a B.S. from the University of Wyoming, and is licensed as a California Real Estate Note Buyer.

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